Thursday, November 01, 2007

Today in History....November 1

* 1520, the Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America, connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first navigated by Ferdinand Magellan during his global circumnavigation voyage

* 1604, William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London

* 1611, William Shakespeare's romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London

* 1765, the British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the 13 colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America

* 1790, Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster

* 1800, US President John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House)

* 1805, Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition

* 1814, Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars

* 1870, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather
Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast

* 1918, the worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 93 deaths.

* 1922, the last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates

* 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin

* 1941, Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography

* 1946, the New York Knicks played against the Toronto Huskies at the Maple Leaf Gardens, in the first Basketball Association of America game. The Knicks would win 68-66

* 1950, Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House

* 1952, the United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, code named "Mike" ["M" for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean.
The explosion had a yield of 10 megatons

* 1960, while campaigning for President of the United States, John F. Kennedy announces his idea of the Peace Corps

* 1973, Leon Jaworski is appointed as the new Watergate Special Prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox

* 2002, a federal judge approved most provisions of an antitrust settlement between Microsoft and the Justice Department

* 2006, Senator John Kerry, D-Mass., apologized to "any service member, family member or American" offended by his "botched joke"
about how young people might get "stuck in Iraq" if they did not study hard and do their homework. ALSO: An Ethiopian immigrant was convicted in Lawrenceville, Ga., of the genital mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter in what's believed to be the first such criminal case in the U.S. (Khalid Adem was sentenced to 10 years in prison.)

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