Wednesday, November 07, 2007

Today in History....November 7

* 1492, the Ensisheim Meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, struck the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France

* 1665, The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published

* 1874, a cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper's Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party

* 1910, the first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse

* 1914, the first issue of The New Republic magazine is published

* 1917, in Petrograd, Russia, Bolshevik leaders Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky lead revolutionaries in overthrowing the Provisional Government (As Russia is still using the Julian Calendar, subsequent period references show an October 25 date). ALSO: Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire

* 1929, in New York City, the Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) opens to the public

* 1931, the Chinese Soviet Republic proclaimed on the anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution

* 1932, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century airs on radio for the first time.

* 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt won an unprecedented fourth term in office, defeating Thomas E. Dewey

* 1956, during the Suez Crisis, the United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt

* 1962, Richard M. Nixon, having lost California's gubernatorial race, held what he called his "last press conference," telling reporters, "You won't have Nixon to kick around anymore."

* 1967, US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, establishing the Corporation for Public Broadcasting

* 1973, the U.S. Congress overrides President Richard M. Nixon's veto of the War Powers Resolution, which limits presidential power to wage war without congressional approval

* 1983, a bomb explodes inside the U.S. Capitol Building

* 1991, Magic Johnson makes announcement that he is infected with HIV, thus retiring from the NBA


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